Gum disease, also known as periodontal disease is an infection infecting bone and supporting tissues holding the teeth in place. This disease is pretty common in the 30s and 40s. The causes of this disease include genetic susceptibility, poor oral health, smoking, chronic illnesses like diabetes and sometimes some medications can also cause this disease.
The dentist typically uses scaling and root planning to treat this disease. Scaling and root planning is a nonsurgical method in which the surface of the teeth and root exposed due to receding gums is cleaned.
Laser treatment for gum disease is a regenerative, bone-building procedure and tissue-preserving procedure. In laser treatment for gum disease, a laser is used to access infected areas and kill bacteria and infected tissues. After removing infected tissues, the root of the tooth is exposed. The dentist will remove the calculus using an ultrasonic root cleaner. No scraping with hand tools is involved in this procedure. And in the end, laser energy is used for warming the stem cells containing blood in the pocket. This seals tissues against the root.
In this treatment, it is made sure that no tissue is removed. It forms new connecting tissues by stimulating stem cells in tissues. This also promotes the formation of collagen and bone. The natural healing process of the body further regenerates the lost bone and ligaments around the tooth.
Following are the 6 benefits of laser treatment for gum disease:
1. Limited bleeding
Removing bacteria from the gingival pockets and teeth is critical as many gingivitis patients suffer from bone loss and severe gum bleeding. Laser treatment is very beneficial for such patients as this treatment minimizes swelling and bleeding of gums. This treatment not only removes bacteria, but it also kills bacteria. If done by an experienced dentist at laser dentistry, there is no need for gum surgery or some other gum disease treatment.
2. Fast healing
This is a treatment causing minimum trauma to the tooth, gum and nearby areas. If you compare the healing time to the traditional surgery, it is reduced drastically. Recovery is fast. The patient needs not to spend much time in the laser dentistry.
3. Minimally invasive
It is a less invasive treatment. There is no drilling involved in laser treatment for gum disease. No or only a little anesthesia is used in this procedure. Laser treatment for periodontal disease minimizes pain and discomfort. The patient feels relaxed during the treatment.
4. Reduces the risk of bacterial infection
Laser sterilizes the area and lowers bacterial infections risk. This treatment also provides better clinical results. The treatment time is also short.
5. Does not damage the healthy part of the tooth
This treatment is extremely precise. Laser treatment for periodontal disease causes no damage to the healthy gums and healthy parts of the teeth.
6. Can be optimized for the patient
The dentist can adjust the power and wavelengths of the laser beam. The laser treatment gives better control to the dentist. So, the patient receives optimized treatment.